Studio A Helps South Carolina College Win Preservation Award

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February 9, 2008 (CHARLESTON, SC) – This past spring, the 1802 Anderson House in downtown Charleston, once in complete disrepair, was transformed into much-needed office space for the Medical University of South Carolina’s College of Pharmacy. Last month, the Preservation Society of Charleston honored MUSC for its adaptive reuse of this historically significant structure by presenting the University with its Pro Merito Award.

The architect for the project was Whitney Powers, AIA, principal of Studio A, Inc., in Charleston.
Established in 1999, the Pro Merito Award is an off-shoot of the Society’s Carolopolis Award for historic preservation, which appears as a plaque on the receiving properties. The Pro Merito Award recognizes properties that have undergone a major restoration since they received a Carolopolis Award.

The Historic Charleston Foundation has described the 7300-square-foot house originally built by Daniel Cannon as one of the “…largest, most intact Federal period houses in the city with architectural details equaled only by those within the Nathaniel Russell House.”

The house was modified in 1838 when Southern industrialist William Gregg purchased it and introduced elements of the then-fashionable Greek Revival style.

So for the exterior, Powers did not want to reinforce the architectural significance of the building by focusing on any particular era of its evolution. “We realized that the building was significant, not for any single period or style, but for its composite nature,” she said.

She also had to balance the preservation of the historic house with the School of Pharmacy’s functional requirements.

After extensive analysis, Powers decided to remove ad hoc enclosures at the ground floor and the first floor piazza that were not “character-defining features,” she said. She also removed a rooftop balustrade at the piazza that also wasn’t historically significant and that caused water to seep in where the upright posts penetrated the roof. The Board of Architectural Review approved her decisions, which returned the piazza to its more historically accurate appearance.

The once handsome interior had undergone many alterations over the years and required all-new electrical, plumbing and mechanical systems as well as repairs and refinishes to every wall, floor and ceiling. Stylistically, “the original delicacy of the Adams-style details had been countered by the more robust Greek Revival alterations of the mid-19th Century,” Powers said.

Again, Powers chose to maintain these alterations “as evidence of the house’s evolution over time,” she said. “Then we specified new fittings and finishes that are historically appropriate for this remarkable interior.”
Powers praises the College of Pharmacy’s staff for readily embracing many accommodations that will prevent wear and tear on the historic finishes, including extensive use of task lighting and the arrangement of upper-level office areas.

A veteran of preservation/adaptive reuse projects in and around Charleston, Powers has received numerous design awards and has been featured in local, regional and national design magazines and journals. Earlier this year, her work with Raleigh, NC, architect Frank Harmon on The Circular Congregational Church’s Sunday School addition and Lance Hall renovation received the Historic Charleston Foundation’s Robert N.S. and Patti Foos Whitelaw Founders Award. For more information on Whitney Powers and Studio A, visit www.studioa-architecture.com.

The Preservation Society of Charleston is the nation’s oldest non-profit community and membership preservation organization. For more information, visit www.preservationsociety.org.

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Studio A Reinvents “5 College Way” for College of Charleston

STUDIO A REINVENTS “5 COLLEGE WAY” FOR COLLEGE OF CHARLESTON

May 22, 2008 (CHARLESTON, SC) — With architect Whitney Powers’ guidance, a 19th century house at 5 College Way will assume a 21st purpose by the end of this year as it is transformed into offices and seminar space for the College of Charleston’s School of Humanities and Social Sciences.

The building will also house the College’s Writing Workshop under celebrated author and professor Bret Lott.

According to Powers, principal of Studio A, Inc., in Charleston, the challenge with this and any other adaptive reuse project is to make sure 21st century needs do not compromise the house’s historic character.

“We intend to restore many of the building’s historic features and finishes,” she said, while the design and engineering team also installs a high efficiency HVAC system, infrastructure data and communications systems, and new lighting.

The 4,821-square-foot house dates back to 1826, Powers said, when the small, private College of Charleston was forced to raise operating funds by selling off land adjacent to the campus’s historic center, which is now known as the “Cistern.” The College reacquired the house in the late 19th century.

Like the nearly 100 historic buildings on campus, 5 College Way experienced plenty of wear and tear from students and faculty over the years. Good paint jobs and routine repairs have kept it in generally good condition, Powers noted. But her plans call for exposing, repairing, and restoring details that give the house its personality, including the exterior “piazza.”

Working with Studio A on the project are structural engineers 4SE, Inc., and mechanical/electric/plumbing engineers CRG Engineering, Inc.

For more information on Studio A, Inc., visit http://www.studioa-architecture.com.

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MUSC College of Pharmacy Moves In: Studio A Completes Restoration of Historic House in Charleston

May 15, 2008 (CHARLESTON, SC) – The 1802 Anderson House in downtown Charleston, once in complete disrepair despite its historical significance, has found a new life as much-needed office space for the Medical University of South Carolina’s College of Pharmacy.

Architect Whitney Powers, principal of Studio A in Charleston, designed the restoration and adaptive reuse of the 7300-square-foot Federal Style house originally built by Daniel Cannon, a sawmill owner and house builder for whom the city’s Cannonborough neighborhood is named.

“This is an extraordinary example of an original, Federal-style ‘suburban villa,’ “ Powers said. “The building’s perfect proportions lend a remarkable delicacy to this grand structure. Its wonderful craftsmanship and durability are a testimony to the attention to detail accomplished under Daniel Cannon’s guidance.”

In 1838, Southern industrialist William Gregg purchased the two-and-a-half story house. He made a number of technological modifications and introduced numerous elements of the then-fashionable Greek Revival style. By the time the College of Pharmacy purchased it, however, it was in serious need of a facelift and a total interior restoration.

A veteran of historic restoration, Powers knew she would have to balance the preservation of the house with the School of Pharmacy’s functional requirements. “So we worked closely with the staff to integrate the historic significance of the building into the school’s administrative needs,” she said.

On the exterior, the architect was careful not to reinforce the architectural significance of the building without highlighting any particular era of its evolution.

“We realized that the building was significant, not for any single period or style, but for its composite nature,” she said. “Our analysis of the existing conditions indicated that the ad hoc enclosures at the ground floor and the first floor piazza consisted of miscellaneous window sashes and other seemingly found materials, none of which were character-defining features.”

The piazza’s rooftop balustrade also was not historically significant and water frequently seeped in where the upright posts penetrated the roof. The Board of Architectural Review approved removing balustrade, which solved a long-term maintenance problem. Whitney also removed the ground level and piazza enclosures, which returned the piazza to its more historically accurate appearance.

The interior, which had undergone a litany of renovations and alterations over the years, required all-new electrical, plumbing and mechanical systems as well as repairs and refinishes to all of the walls, floors and ceilings.

Stylistically, “the original delicacy of the Adams-style details had been countered by the more robust Greek Revival alterations of the mid-19th Century,” Powers said. “We maintained these alterations as evidence of the house’s evolution over time. Then we specified new fittings and finishes that are historically appropriate for this remarkable interior.”

To the College of Pharmacy’s credit, the staff readily embraced many accommodations that will prevent wear and tear on the historic finishes, Powers said, including extensive use of task lighting and the arrangement of upper-level office areas.

The Historic Charleston Foundation recently described the building as one of the “…largest, most intact Federal period houses in the city with architectural details equaled only by those within the Nathaniel Russell House.”

Studio A’s work in sustainable design and historic preservation/restoration has received numerous design awards and has been featured in local, regional and national design magazines and journals. For more information, visit http://www.studioa-architecture.com.

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